Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom is a 1984 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg. Released on May 23, 1984, it is a prequel to the 1981 film Raiders of the Lost Ark.
Like Raiders, it starred Harrison Ford as Jones, and was based on an original story by George Lucas. Many members of the original crew returned, including cinematographer Douglas Slocombe, editor Michael Kahn and composer John Williams. New additions to the main cast included actress Kate Capshaw, who played the role of Wilhelmina 'Willie' Scott (Jones' second female lead following Karen Allen as Marion Ravenwood, in Raiders of the Lost Ark), and Jonathan Ke Quan as Jones' 11 year old sidekick Short Round. It won an Academy Award for Visual Effects.
It included scenes that were scrapped from Raiders which include: a bar fight, a plane jump on an inflatable raft, a mine cart chase, and a rope bridge battle. It is one of the two films that has a well-known song as an opening. This one starts out with "Anything Goes" (in Chinese) while Kingdom of the Crystal Skull starts out with "Hound Dog".
Featuring themes of child slavery, and destructive cult rituals, the film is darker in tone than its predecessor. The original story was intended to be a horror movie as well as a remake with elements of Gunga Din (1939). The original title was Indiana Jones and the Temple of Death. The film is also notable for the creation of the rating category PG-13.